William Wordsworth is a lover of Nature. All his poems reveal his love for Nature and rural life. But in the sonnet, “Upon Westminster Bridge”, the poet explores the beauty of the city of London bathed in the light of the rising sun.
The poem begins with an evaluation and glorification of the scene. The poet opines that the beauty of the city of London in early morning surpasses all good things on earth. He glorifies the beauty of the city viewed from Westminster Bridge early in the morning.
The poem describes an experience that takes place in the “beauty of the morning,” which lies like a blanket over the silent city. The sun has just risen. Everything looks bright in the smokeless air. The city of London casts a magic spell. The poet personifies the city. The city seems to wear the garment of the beauty of the morning. The city now looks very beautiful. It is as if a new dress hides the noise and the ugly face of the city.
The light of the early morning sun and the smokeless atmosphere reveal the beauty of ships, towers, domes, theatres and temples. The town is now merged with adjacent fields and the sky overhead.
Intense calmness adds to the beauty of this morning scene. The poet enjoys the beauty and celebrates its splendour. The poet feels that he has never experienced such a deep tranquillity.
The river Thames:
The river Thames is not disturbed by the ships and the sailors. It moves calmly at its ‘own sweet will.’ The poet has personified the river to make it a part of living Nature.
Address to God:
The poet is so impressed that he addresses God in extreme joy and wonder.
London at rest:
He rejoices that the houses and habitats are all asleep. The whole city is at rest, and the poet compares this silence of the resting city with the solitude of nature, just before the beginning of a busy day.
Thus the beauty of the early morning scene of the city of London has captivated the poet so much that he records his experience of joy in the sonnet, “Upon Westminster Bridge.”