The term “Satanic School” does not refer to an educational institution or a specific educational philosophy. Instead, it is a literary term used to describe a group of English poets who were associated with radical and controversial ideas during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
The Satanic School emerged as a response to the prevailing literary conventions of the time, particularly those associated with Romanticism. This group of poets rejected the idealization of nature and the focus on spirituality found in Romantic poetry, instead embracing themes of darkness, individualism, skepticism, and the rebellious spirit. The term “Satanic” was not meant to imply devil worship or the promotion of evil. It was used metaphorically to suggest a defiance of societal norms and a rejection of established religious and moral values. The poets associated with the Satanic School sought to challenge traditional notions of morality, authority, and social conventions.
The most prominent figure associated with the Satanic School is Lord Byron, whose works often explored themes of passion, rebellion, and the darker aspects of human nature. Byron’s controversial lifestyle, along with his exploration of sexuality and political radicalism, contributed to his association with the Satanic School. Other poets who have been loosely linked to the Satanic School include Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Keats, although their inclusion in the group is less clear-cut. While they shared some common themes with Byron, they also had their own distinct styles and ideas.
It’s important to note that the term “Satanic School” is not widely used in literary criticism today. It was a label applied retrospectively and not one embraced by the poets themselves. The association with Satanism and the occult is largely a misinterpretation and oversimplification of the ideas and intentions of these poets.
In short, the Satanic School was a loosely defined group of poets who challenged conventional literary and societal norms during the Romantic period. They explored themes of darkness, individualism, and rebellion, but the term “Satanic” should not be taken literally. It is a metaphorical designation reflecting their rejection of established values rather than an endorsement of devil worship or evil.